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Futuristic Emergency Lok Sabha

Agenda: The Indian Water Crisis

India is dealing with a critical, multidimensional issue: water scarcity, with a multivariate contribution to the strain on this key resource. India's enormous population places immense pressure on the country's water supplies. While the Indian population growth rate has been steadily ascending from 0.7% in 2022, to 0.8% in 2023 and 0.92% in 2024. It is projected to be at 1.2% by 2030, with an estimated population in the range of 1.55 billion, an increase of 110 million people as compared to 2024. Secondly, the processes of industry and urbanisation have aggravated the water situation. Industrial expansion and the influx of people into metropolitan areas have rapidly increased water demand, pressurising already restricted resources. Mumbai, being the financial capital, has attracted migrant labour, while cities like Bengaluru and Hyderabad, renowned for IT and start-ups, have also seen a marked increase in population. Other developing cities like Ahmedabad, Chennai and Pune too have avenues for economic prosperity, drawing in population. This mass migration has stressed the limited water supply to these cities. Thirdly, the consequences of climate change have made the crucial monsoon rains more unpredictable and unevenly distributed. While places like Jaisalmer experience drought and frequent shortages of rain, other cities like Mawsynram and Cherrapunji are some of the rainiest in the world, receiving about 1000 cm of rain per monsoon season.

 

The water scarcity crisis in India would have severe consequences for the Indian people. India has only 4% of the world's freshwater resources despite having over 1.55 billion people. Nearly 200,000 people are dying every year due to inadequate access to safe water. The agricultural sector, which uses 80% of India's water, would also be severely impacted, threatening food security. Overall, the economic cost of water scarcity could be as high as 6% of India's GDP, leading to migration and conflicts. Just 2 months prior to the calling of this session, people from 3 villages in Central Maharashtra came together to launch a campaign against the government because of their inadequate efforts in bringing water to the region. Their slogans were clamped on to by social media, bringing more coverage to the topic. The villagers were heard yelling slogans along the lines of, “Should we quench the thirst of our children with our tears? Should we quench the thirst of our crops with our blood? Who else’s thirst should we quench before we can quench our own?”

 

Regarded as a holy water source, the Ganga River is regarded by millions of Indians as the Mother Goddess Ganga in Hinduism. Its waters are believed to cleanse the soul of sins. As such, it is venerated vehemently by Hindus. Recent scientific data recorded on 19th November, 2028, however, indicates that the river's pH is almost 6.1, much more acidic than it was previously thought to be. Sewage, industrial effluents, and agricultural runoff have polluted the water. The pollution not only adversely affects the river but also harms the populations and ecosystems around it. Contamination downstream threatens farmers' livelihoods, provoking demonstrations and potential economic disruptions. Bathing in the Ganga is a common religious practice to absolve oneself of sins, however, the polluted waters have often caused several waterborne diseases, skin irritation, eye problems, and digestive issues amongst the millions of devotees, sometimes resulting in deaths. The acidic water is also detrimental to the diverse aquatic life in the Ganga, which is home to over 140 fish species and 90 amphibian species. A study found that a pH below 6 can be lethal to many freshwater organisms. The high acidity has also adversely impacted the livelihoods of the 400 million people who depend on the Ganga basin. Restoring the Ganga's natural pH balance of around 7.4 would be crucial to safeguarding public health and the environment. 

 

In the Krishna Water Dispute, conflict between Karnataka, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana emerged due to disagreements regarding the allocation of water amongst the states. Although a tribunal passed a decision, the party states were unsatisfied. On 2nd July 2025, surveys by the government of Telangana, in cooperation with Oil and Natural Gas Corporation found massive oil reserves below a part of the Krishna river flowing through the state. A project to divert the course of the river through the construction of diversion dams was approved by the Supreme Court, and its work began, despite protests from environmentalists, who cited ecological imbalance and geological damage. 4 years later, these concerns have materialised, with a large amount of biodiversity at risk. Animal and plant species are threatened with endangerment and dislocation, and natural biodiversity and forest cover have been lost.

 

The Cauvery River Dispute is a long-running controversy between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Kerala. The tribunal's decision in 2007 did not bring a final resolution, leading to further legal battles and ongoing disputes over water allocation. Karnataka lobbies for a bigger share as the upper riparian state, whilst Tamil Nadu insists on equal distribution for its agricultural and household needs as the lower riparian state. The Mekedatu Reservoir Project was proposed as a viable solution and its construction was approved by the Supreme Court on July 2nd, 2025. After completion of the structure, on March 31st, 2027, the Reservoir Project only proved to be beneficial to Karnataka, while Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Puducherry faced extreme shortage due to lower TMCs (Thousand Million Cubic feet) of water flowing down the river. Anti-nationalists have taken up this issue in the South as a pretence to further their agendas against the State Governments. This has caused massive rallies in Telangana against the Karnataka government and the effects of the issue have gained massive amounts of traction on social media.

 

The Ravi-Beas water dispute between Punjab, Haryana, and Rajasthan dates back to the 1960s, with the creation of Haryana from undivided Punjab. The dispute over water sharing and the construction of the Sutlej-Yamuna Link (SYL) canal has led to legal battles, protests, and violence, with the matter remaining unresolved. On October 22nd, 2024, the Supreme Court called for redoubling in speed for the creation of the SYL Canal due to decreasing rainfall from the Western Disturbances in Haryana. The creation of the SYL has led to massive riots in Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan. The Punjab Government, on February 8th 2028, started work on the construction of diversion canals from the SYL, with the pretext of furthering irrigation efforts in the southern part of the state, where river water is comparatively scarce. As the Granary of India, Punjab claims that it needs a large amount of water to sustain agriculture, especially to combat the waning influence of the Western Disturbances. This has caused the canal’s water to drastically reduce before it even enters Haryana, and thus, the farmers are suffering major losses as they were promised water if they migrated to the region in which the SYL flows.

 

Amongst the myriad calamities described, one axiom remains resolute. If India does not devote immediate action to conserving and restoring its water resources, then it will drown in the consequences of its long-drawn ill-treatment of water. Agriculture will be ruined, industry will decline, and rural areas will be devoid of water and disease and drought will be rampant.

 

Will India be able to come to a comprehensive resolution to conserve its water resources, and secure the future of the coming generations? Or will the precious water that flows through Indian terrain and has built up the very land on which civilization has flourished, prove to be the cause of the downfall of the country, and bring the world’s largest population to suffering? The answer lies in the hands of you, Members of the Indian Parliament, on this 13th day of March, 2029. 

 

Jai Hind!

Letter from the Director

Bhaiyo aur Beheno,

Namaste.

Dear Delegates,

It is an honour and a privilege to welcome you to The Futuristic Emergency Lok Sabha Session, 2029, at the 28th session of the Cathedral Model United Nations. We convene here at Sansad Bhavan on March 13th, 2029 with one objective – to fix the water crisis which plagues India and all its citizens. This Lok Sabha session meets in an emergency after the hazardous ‘Ganga Water Acidity Test’ and ‘The Haryana Farmer Revolts’ from last month. The fate of millions hangs in the balance as water is not safe enough to be consumed or safe to aid in irrigation – issues that could destroy our nation. With each passing day, India’s population grows, and the water that they consume dwindles in purity.

Harsh geopolitical tensions, a clash of two major religions and climate change are just a few of the major factors affecting India’s water. The revered Ganga river, once a symbol of purity and spiritual renewal, now teeters on the brink of ecological collapse after a new pH test shows the water to be slightly acidic, with a pH of 5.6. The Ministry of Jai Shakti explains that this is a result of “excessive religious activities being conducted in the water, as well as a lack of care by citizens”, as images show the banks of the river filled with plastic packets, enough to kill the underwater life in the river. 

Furthermore, the ‘Krishna River’ and the ‘Cauvery River’ disputes, alongside the longstanding ‘Ravi-Beas’ water conflict, exemplify the geopolitical quagmire plaguing the nation. Karnataka, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana all vie for access to the river’s resources for their farmers. The ill-fated Mekedatu Reservoir Project, once hailed as a panacea, now serves as a cautionary tale of unintended consequences and broken promises. Punjab, Haryana, and Rajasthan find themselves locked in a cycle of violence and recrimination, as the construction of the contentious Sutlej-Yamuna Link Canal stokes tensions to a boiling point. Through all these political tensions, India’s largest employment field – farmers, which account for 52% of the Indian population and contribute to 18% of the Indian GDP, are suffering more than ever. The farmer suicide rate is rising 2.4% per year, and there are shortages of most crops in India, leading to a lack of exports, and the people of India filled with disease, rife with hunger, poverty, and unhappiness.

I, Vivaan Davda, am a Year 12 IBDP Student at the Cathedral and John Connon School. I’m supposed to be interested in History (which is ironic, given that this is a futuristic committee), Math and Statistics, but my real interests lie in everything to do with sports. Discussing them, playing them, watching them at absurd hours (I was once up at 3am watching a playoff basketball game before a Physics exam), I enjoy it all. Delegates, I recommend you do your research on Steph Curry and the Warriors before you come to committee, because there will be a number of references made about him. I can also proudly say that I have been an RCB fan since 2014 (okay, maybe not proudly) and will never stop supporting them. Additionally, I love walks, drives, or anything that involves me leaving the house so that I can stay extremely far from my books. I also love a good speech by Steve Jobs or Elon Musk, and you will find my YouTube feed filled with them.

My vision for every delegate in this Lower House is for each of you to provide different perspectives in the areas in which you specialise, to come up with constructive solutions that are long-term oriented and beneficial for all states and to solve the political, humanitarian and religious conflict that casts a shadow over India’s ecological stability. Your decisions within these hallowed halls will shape the destiny of millions, determining whether India's water future is one of cooperation or strife. With the clock ticking ever closer to midnight, I implore you to rise to the occasion, to transcend petty differences, and to forge a path towards a brighter tomorrow. Together, let us chart a course towards a future where water flows freely, communities thrive, and India's spirit endures.

This is my final CMUN conference and I can assuredly tell you that the first two were some of the best moments of my life, so I look forward to this year being nothing short of that. Given that this is my last conference, one piece of advice that I have for you, is to not underestimate or overestimate yourself. I urge you to try your best, do your work whilst enjoying yourself and your goals at the conference will become a reality. Please feel free to reach out to me at fels.cmun2024@gmail.com

Until August, 

Vivaan Davda, 

Director, 

Futuristic Emergency Lok Sabha Session, 2029, CMUN 2024.

Vivaan Director Picture - FELS .jpg

Vivaan Davda

Director

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