Special Session on the Liberian Civil War, 2002
Agenda: The Humanitarian, Political and Economic Impacts of Cannibalistic Gangs during the Second Liberian Civil War
133 years post independence from the USA, the political stability Liberia had enjoyed was disrupted as Sergeant Samuel Doe, the first Native to rule the country, overthrew and murdered President William Tolbert on 12th April, 1980. Cabinet Ministers were murdered and government officials jailed. After overcoming 7 military coups in 5 years, Doe won the Liberian election in 1985. Despite concerns about its fairness, the USA accepted the results as valid. The country became a military dictatorship under Doe, and during this political unrest emerged Charles Taylor, attempting a coup. Soon, the country found itself amidst a civil war, with several different rebel factions including Taylor’s NPFL, ULIMO-K, ULIMO-J and otherwise hers fighting one another. Taylor and his army of cannibalistic warlords combined with Prince Johnson’s rebel group, murdered Doe during a siege of the capital – Monrovia. Despite his death, the civil war continued and ravaged the country. Warlords with strange names like General Rambo, General Bin Laden, General Butt Naked etc. spread fear and terror in the country, performing cannibalistic and satanic sacrifices, encouraging rape, drug abuse and kidnapping. After many peace agreements, an election finally took place in 1997. Taylor won the election and Liberia was at peace for only 2 years before he began to support the Revolutionary United Front (RUF), a rebel group fighting in Sierra Leone’s civil war, igniting the second Liberian Civil War beginning in ‘99. Krahn and Mandinka fighters from the first war had fled to New Guinea and formed an army - ‘Liberians United for Reconciliation and Democracy’ (LURD). USA, New Guinea, Sierra Leone, UK and many others funded and supported the LURD invasion of Liberia. Taylor’s cartels returned to fight on his behalf. Cannibalism, rape, kidnappings, rebel groups, amputations and drug abuse took an insurmountable number of lives. With the use of child soldiers, the humanitarian crisis peaked. The EU finally cut off aid to Liberia and applied an arms embargo. By early 2002, LURD, supported by many members of the international community, began to take over the north. Taylor declared a national emergency and recaptured Bopolu. Supporting Ivorian rebels, he turned Ivory Coast’s government against him too. Liberian refugees living there supported Laurent Gbagbo and formed the LIMA. The normalcy of this violence, torture, disharmony and chaos in Liberia for almost 14 years has given this war the name - 'Liberia's Uncivil War.’
The country is facing a political, economic and humanitarian crisis. Not only are LURD tribes committing crimes and violating human rights in and around the borders of Liberia, but the government too is engaging in cannibalism, sexual violence, and spreading terror. Taylor’s army is mostly funded by the exchange of blood diamonds and there is a clear violation of the arms embargo imposed by the UN. These cannibalistic warlords have created mayhem in the country, disrupting any form of peace or relief. With international investments too at a risk, Liberia, a once flourishing country, has now completely crashed economically. Corruption and abject poverty have plagued the nation and, to make things worse, the Ivory Coast has now joined the group of countries attempting to topple the Taylor government.
It is the 31st of December 2002, the war is at its peak in Liberia, and Taylor and his powerful army have held their stronghold in Monrovia while the rebels are closing in on the Capital. The economy is in shambles and terror is at its peak. Armed insurgents backed by the United States are advancing towards the Capital. The country is in chaos and it is the duty of the SSLCW to reinstate peace in war-torn Liberia. Every delegate in this committee will have to be confident, diplomatic, dynamic and well researched. Delegates, it is now time for you to get involved and save the innocent Liberians that have become scapegoats in this war. It is time for you to grant justice to the poor Liberians that were victims of the violence. It is now time for you to step up and rescue the Liberian economy. The time has come, to finally give Liberia the peace it deserves.
Letter from the Director
It is my privilege and honour to welcome you to the Special Session on the Liberian Civil War (SSLCW) at the Cathedral Model United Nations, 2021. Dealing with cannibalistic rebels, the SSLCW has a unique agenda and promises to be a challenging committee. Liberia has been a very interesting case study in the world of political science and international relations. This conflict has had my personal attention for a couple of years now as it is one of the most gruesome and brutal wars in African history. From savage cannibals terrorizing the streets of Monrovia to Charles Taylor assassinating President Doe, one can safely say that Liberians have witnessed their fair share of violence. Delegates in this committee will have to deal with armed rebel forces advancing towards Monrovia in pursuit of revenge on Taylor and winning the throne of Liberia; while Taylor seeks foreign aid and recalls his cannibalistic army. Delegates will be thrown into a situation of political turmoil where they will have to try to stop a civil war, reconstruct Liberia’s economy and save the lives of innocent Liberians who are stuck in this humanitarian, economic and political upheaval. If you are a diplomatic delegate, have an ingenious personality and can think on your feet, then this is the committee for you.
My name is Rutuj Shah and I am currently studying in the 12th grade at the Cathedral and John Connon School. Model UN and debating have been my passion for the past five years and had a huge impact on my personality, making me the kind of person I am today. I still remember my first MUN back in 2017 when I was a clueless delegate sitting and observing the proceedings of a MUN. I’ve learnt and been inspired by all those who’ve chaired and mentored me over the past five years. I’ve been a delegate in fourteen MUN’s, both national and international. I have had the pleasure of serving as assistant director twice before, one of them being at CMUN 2020. I have very high expectations from this committee and I will also ensure that this committee will be dynamic, intense and filled with heated debate.
To tell you more about myself, as a delegate I have always liked regional and Indian committees. I love studying international relations and am always up for a healthy conversation on politics. I am a very social person and enjoy meeting and interacting with new people. Apart from MUN, I enjoy singing. My favourite artist is Dean Lewis and favourite band is Imagine Dragons. I pursue art as well and love doodling during my free time. In terms of sports, I am a football fanatic and have been playing since I was six years old. My natural position is centre-attacking-mid. I follow the Champions League and the Premier League and I am a hardcore Manchester City fan.
This committee will have to be ready to face tricky crises on the spot and deal with them in a diplomatic manner. I am excited to see how delegates deal with the mind-boggling crisis we throw your way. On a side note, I hope delegates are thorough with Liberian history as some elements of the first civil war can find their place in committee. The mark of a good committee is the overall performance and diplomacy shown by the delegates and I believe that all the delegates at this conference have the potential to be future leaders. The executive board of the SSLCW will work hard to ensure that all the delegates in this committee will have an experience that is unparalleled.
I look forward to meeting and getting to know all of you. If you have any questions, concerns or just want to introduce yourselves please feel free to reach out to the Executive Board at email@example.com.
Special Session on the Liberian Civil War, 2002